Have you planted garlic yourself? Do you know how garlic grows and How to plant Garlic?

2019-07-05 11:29:06

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Garlic is an easy crop to grow in your garden

For the best results, you should buy garlic sets from a garden centre or supplier, rather than from a supermarket. A quality variety from a good supplier will yield delicious crop of fat, juicy garlic.Garlic is an easy crop to grow in your garden – it’s fairly low maintenance and it doesn’t require much space. It will happily grow in a container on your patio, if that’s what you have available.

When to plant garlic

Garlic cloves should be planted narrow end up

Garlic cloves are best planted between November and April, although you will generally get a bigger and better crop if you plant in the autumn. In fact, many gardeners swear by planting before Christmas to get the best results.

But garlic bulbs are sold according to their suitability for spring or autumn planting, so check before you plant. Growing garlic from seed isn’t currently possible for home gardeners because viable seed is tricky to produce.

Where to plant garlic

Don’t grow garlic in soil that’s recently been used for other alliums.

Garlic shouldn’t be planted in soil that’s recently been used for garlic, or indeed for any other plants from the allium family. So if this is to be a regular crop, you’ll need to plan a rotation system.

When choosing a suitable spot, keep in mind that garlic prefers a position in full sun with well-drained, light soil.Garlic shouldn’t be planted in soil that’s recently been used for garlic, or indeed for any other plants from the allium family. So if this is to be a regular crop, you’ll need to plan a rotation system.

How to grow garlic in the ground?

Garlic likes sun and dislikes water-logging, which should be kept in mind!

Garlic bulbs prefer light, nutrient-rich soil and they don’t tolerate water-logging, so dig in plenty of organic matter such as compost, well-rotted manure or recycled green waste before planting.

Carefully split the bulb into individual cloves and plant each clove just below the surface of the soil (about 2.5cm deep) with the pointed end facing up. Plant each clove 10-15cm apart in rows that are roughly 30cm apart.Garlic bulbs prefer light, nutrient-rich soil and they don’t tolerate water-logging, so dig in plenty of organic matter such as compost, well-rotted manure or recycled green waste before planting.

How to grow garlic in containers

Garlic is a versatile plant and can easily be grown in medium-sized containers.

You don’t need a massive garden to grow garlic; it grows quite happily in containers on a patio or balcony.

Containers will need to be at least 20cm in diameter and depth to allow for good root growth. Simply fill your chosen container with multi-purpose compost and incorporate some fertiliser.You don’t need a massive garden to grow garlic; it grows quite happily in containers on a patio or balcony.

Just like planting garlic in the ground or in module trays, plant each clove at a depth of 2.5cm and space them about 10-15cm apart. You’ll need to allow space for the bulbs to swell as well, so don't plant them too close to the container edge. Make sure the compost remains moist, especially during dry spells.

You can even grow garlic indoors on a windowsill to provide garlic leaves, which have a mild and aromatic flavour and can be added to soups, curries and stir fries. Harvest the leaves as required until the bulb has been exhausted. However, growing garlic indoors is not usually a successful method for cultivating good quality garlic bulbs.

How to care for garlic

Weed regularly to keep your garlic happy

Garlic is not very demanding. But it is vulnerable to being smothered by weeds as it doesn’t create much shade, so make sure you weed regularly.

You only need to water your garlic during long dry spells. If you notice flowers forming you can remove them or leave them intact; either way, it should not affect the swelling of the bulb.Garlic is not very demanding. But it is vulnerable to being smothered by weeds as it doesn’t create much shade, so make sure you weed regularly.

How to harvest garlic

Garlic is usually ready to harvest in early summer.

Autumn-planted garlic will be ready to harvest in June and July and spring-planted garlic will be ready slightly later. Simply wait until the leaves have started to wither and turn yellow, and then loosen the bulbs from the soil with a trowel.

Be careful not to cut the garlic bulbs with your trowel as this will reduce their storage potential. Also don’t leave the bulbs in the ground too long after the leaves have withered as the bulbs are likely to re-sprout and may rot when stored.Autumn-planted garlic will be ready to harvest in June and July and spring-planted garlic will be ready slightly later. Simply wait until the leaves have started to wither and turn yellow, and then loosen the bulbs from the soil with a trowel.

Before storing them, lay the garlic bulbs out somewhere warm and dry. Any dry soil left on the bulbs can be gently brushed off. In good condition, garlic bulbs can be stored up to three months.





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